Pongal festival (தைப்பொங்கல், தமிழர்திருநாள்) is the most popular harvest festivals of Tamilnadu
and for the Tamil community people in this universe. It is also known as thai
pongal. Pongal comes in the mid of January every year. Pongal festival lasts
for four days. This four day long festival of Tamil Nadu is celebrated for
showing gratitude to the nature. The literal meaning of Pongal is
"spilling over" and it had been named so, because of the tradition of
boiling rice in a pot till it starts overflowing. Other traditions of the
celebration include drawing of Pongal Kolam, swinging & cooking of
After arians coming to india,
nowadays some peoples are misguiding, as pongal is a Hindus festival. But the
truth is that, Pongal is the pure Tamizhar festival without relating any
religions. This four-day festival of thanksgiving to nature takes its name from
the Tamil word meaning "to boil" and is held in the month of Thai
(January-February) during the season when rice and other cereals, sugar-cane,
and turmeric (an essential ingredient in Tamil cooking) are harvested.
The harvest festival, Pongal,
falls typically on the 14th or the 15th of January and is the quintessential
'Tamil Festival'. Thai Pongal is mainly celebrated to convey appreciation to
the Sun God for a successful harvest. Pongal is a harvest festival, a
traditional occasion for giving thanks to nature, for celebrating the life
cycles that give us grain. Tamilians say 'Thai pirandhaal vazhi pirakkum', and
believe that knotty family problems will be solved with the advent of the Tamil
month Thai that begins on Pongal day. This is traditionally the month of
weddings. This is not a surprise in a largely agricultural community - the
riches gained from a good harvest form the economic basis for expensive family
occasions like weddings.
origins of the Thai Pongal festival may date to more than 1000 years ago.
Epigraphic evidence suggests the celebration of the Puthiyeedu during the Medieval Chola empire days. Puthiyeedu is believed to represent
the first harvest of the year. Tamil people refer to Pongal as "Tamizhar Thirunaal,"
the festival of Tamil’s.
Besides rice and milk the ingredients of this sweet
dish include cardamom, raisins, Green gram (split), and cashew nuts. Cooking is
done in sunlight, usually in a porch or courtyard, as the dish is dedicated to
the Sun and nature. The cooking is done in a clay pot that is decorated with
coloured patterns called Pongal Kolam.
Pongal has two variants, one sweet and one savory. The dish is served on
Pongal is a significant festival of Tamil Nadu and
is celebrated for four days. The first day people throw away or burn the old
household things and go to buy the new ones. It signifies the beginning of a
The next day is called Pongal festival. It is the
most imperative day of Pongal. On this day, people offer prayers to sun and
hence pay homage to sun. The houses are decorated with special design
calledPulli Kolam, which is drawn using
red clay and rice flour. People wear new clothes.
The third day is Mattu Pongal that is marked by
praying to the cattle. The cattle are worshipped because it helps in getting
pongal festival jallikattu
Kanum Pongal is the fourth day on which people
spend time with their dear ones or go on a picnic with family and friends. This
popular festival also embraces dancing, exchange of gifts and the contests of
buffalo taming that is called ‘Jallikattu’. Jallikattu also one of the most
traditional activity during the pongal days. You can learn and watch about
jallikattu by below links.
Pongal Speech // Pongal Essay
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